EU and US Trade Policy and Labour Standards: The Impact of Labour Provisions on Labour Standards’ Protection in Developing Countries -A Comparative Analysis.
Western media are increasingly reporting on child labour, slavery, human trafficking, environmental exploitation and forced labour along supply chains. This increased sensitivity for human rights violations also took root in the international arena. Since the early 2000s, after the failed attempt to include labour issues as a part of the WTO Regime during the Singapore Ministerial Conference in 1996, labour standards have become an integral part of Preferential Trade Agreements negotiated by the EU and the US. This way, trade became a channel to tackle injustice in work environments and to promote the enforcement of labour standards along all the production’s chains. This thesis aims to investigate qualitatively how the presence of labour provisions in American and European Preferential Trade Agreements have implications in the level of labour standards in developing countries. The objective of this study is to investigate if and how the different types of US and EU’ labour provisions contained in PTAs produce improvement in the level of protection of labour standards in developing countries. The results of this dissertation confirm the results obtained in the quantitative study by Moonnhawk Kim (2012) and Postnikov and Bastiaens (2014), demonstrating that labour provisions encourage an ex-ante and ex-post improvement in the level of protection of labour standards in the countries analysed, but now we can state that this improvement can be seen only in the short run. Moreover, analysing both US and EU PTAs qualitatively, it is apparent that the design chosen by the EU was capable to produce stronger improvement in the level of protection of labour standards than the one employed by the US.
|Thesis Advisor||Prof.dr. A.G. Dijkstra, Dr. M. Onderco|
Casarola, Giulia. (2020, February 18). EU and US Trade Policy and Labour Standards: The Impact of Labour Provisions on Labour Standards’ Protection in Developing Countries -A Comparative Analysis.. Public Administration. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2105/51207