This thesis explores the relation between arts and human life by making a comparison between the modern human being and the ancient Greek. I will show, with the help of thoughts about Greek tragedy, that a study of these thoughts allows us to lay bare cultural conceptions that exist within modernity concerning the development of ethical ideas, which are being falsely interpreted and give rise to a certain arrogance of the modern human compared to former or other cultures with respect to ethical ideas. It will address aspects of everyday human life such as pain and suffering and the lesser crucial role they play in modern society and its influence on the understanding of ourselves. I will try to demonstrate that we have a lot of things in common with the ancient Greeks. In this thesis, arguments will come about that run opposite to this view. Moreover, I will address these arguments, show how they can be misleading and fix them in a proper way. In doing so, I hope that we can learn from these insights and will gain a better understanding of ourselves.