Although John Rawls’s theory of ‘Justice as Fairness’ has been praised for its feminist potential, some scholars have argued that aspects of the theory render it unusable for feminist politics. In this thesis, I assess this claim by focusing on three major areas of critique on Justice as Fairness: Rawls’s abstract methodology, his inattentiveness to other than economic injustices and his account of justice within the family. I conclude that, even though Rawls’s theory admittedly faces some difficulties, it can still serve as a fruitful basis for challenging the gender structure of our society.