Sustainability is pluralistic concept that has been widely in different meanings depending on the context of the discussion and the audience of the debate. RSPO as the organisation of palm oil business works together with civil society has formulated the Principle and Standard to call for sustainable palm oil production. This paper analyzes the effectiveness of RSPO initiatives over sustainable palm oil through the case study of PT Musim Mas. Despite all the unsustainable practices, some extended impacts which are not covered in the RPSO P&C, the researcher would argue that the implementation of RPSO P&C still have opportunities for companies to rectify their behaviour by altering management practice in the palm oil Industry, especially for the countries which have poor implementation of regulations Relevance to Development Studies This paper is relevant to development studies due to its focus on mitigating the negative impacts of palm oil in term or social and environment by formulation Principle and Criteria of sustainable palm oil. It is hoped that the findings of this research might positively influence donors, RSPO, NGOs and Government to work together to pushing more the application of the RSPO P&C for palm oil business. The aim is to positively influence current and future implementation of certification sustainable palm oil in terms of how they should be designed, implemented and thought

Additional Metadata
Keywords Oil Palm, RSPO, CSPO, contract farmer (KKPA), sustainability, Riau, Indonesia
Thesis Advisor Borras Jr., Saturnino M.
Persistent URL
Series Environment and Sustainable Development (ESD)
Primadona, Emmy. (2011, December 15). Accessing Sustainability of ‘Sustainable Palm Oil’ Case Study of PT. Musim Mas, Riau Province, Indonesia. Environment and Sustainable Development (ESD). Retrieved from