Explaining what it means to discriminate is easier said then done. A reason for this is that the concept of discrimination is a social one, and thus changes with its time. Furthermore, it is heavily intertwined with other concepts, such as fairness, which present an explanatory challenge on their own. In order to deal with this ambiguity around the meaning of the concept of discrimination, shortcuts are often used. Although practical, these shortcuts could damage our understanding of the concept by giving a quick but incomplete answer. One shortcut in particular draws attention for its common usage: the use of specics groups and those groups only when it comes to discrimination. What often happens in practice is that we associate the concept of discrimination with particular groups only. For instance, women, black people, and the gay community are important groups that are often found to be discriminated against. Those groups, however, are not the only victims of discrimination. The question that lies central, then, is how, if at all, we could build an account of discrimination that describes a discriminatory situation, regardless of whether the act occurred against a member of the aforementioned groups. Re ecting on the conceptualization of discrimination is a complex task due to the nature of the concept. It is, however an important one, for doing so will reveal the complex structure of relationships between concepts, and allow for a more enlightened vision of what it means to discriminate. The analysis presented in this thesis elucidates the concept of discrimination by breaking down the components which it presupposes, and shows the importance of clearly analyzing a situation before labelling it as discriminatory. More specically, the idea that the concept of discrimination is relevant only to certain groups is put under critical scrutiny.