In this thesis, I examine whether culture correlates with the presence of teamwork in European countries. Using Hofstede's national culture dimensions, individualism vs collectivism, masculinity vs femininity and the power distance index, I find that individualism is negatively correlated with the presence of teamwork for a sample of over 25.000 establishments. These effects are robust to controls for sector composition and firm size and to an alternative country-level analysis. Furthermore, I have found that there is no stronger link between culture and the presence of teamwork for independent establishments, compared to non-independent establishment. The finding that national culture correlates with the existence of teamwork has important implications for multinational managers and expatriates.