There is a term that exists within Indonesian society which is mostly applied to an Indonesian woman dating or married to a Caucasian man: bule hunter. This term carries negative prejudices in relation to their gender, race, class, and sexuality. The objective of this research is to unpack the stigma of bule hunter by examining the prejudices which lead society to categorise women in this way. Besides investigating the stigma across genders, the study also analyses race, class, and sexuality-related power relation used to reproduce the stigma against cross-cultural relations between Indonesian women and Caucasian men. This research also aims to discuss and dissect the stigmatisation itself, to further the understanding of who is a bule, who is a bule hunter, and what are the prejudices underlying the stigma against either or both. I wish to fill a gap in existing research by incorporating perspectives from diverse populations with regard to interracial relationships and more importantly, to reflect on the stigma against bule hunters, and how that stigma is first produced and then reproduced.

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Heumann, Silke
Social Policy for Development (SPD)
International Institute of Social Studies

Wianti, Ridha Sri. (2020, December 18). Stigmatisation of Bule Hunter: unpacking the prejudices - an autoethnographic study. Social Policy for Development (SPD). Retrieved from