This research seeks to analyse the roles of social accountability in the success of KIAT Guru project as a case of an education project in remote areas, Indonesia. Integrating the strategical approach in social accountability by Fox, 2015 into the accountability relationship framework by Pritchett, 2015, this research shows four main things. First, KIAT Guru as an education project that fully implements social accountability mechanism. Second, social accountability enables the communities to be involved in the education system using three main strategies: legal arrangement, community empowerment, and pay for performance. Third, under these three strategies, the state-society synergy is important to implementing social accountability. Last, acknowledging the top-down participation as employed by KIAT Guru project, the current accountability framework by Pritchett, 2015, cannot fully depict the relationship be-tween states and the communities. Thus, this research recommends adding one more wire from the states directly towards the communities in the accountability framework.

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Stapele, Naomi van
Governance and Development Policy (GDP)
International Institute of Social Studies

Kurniawati. (2020, December 18). The role of social accountability in the education system Indonesia. Governance and Development Policy (GDP). Retrieved from