Many theories of HRM claim that when workers are given a particular level of motivation, it will result in increasing their level of performance. Although Tanzania government has embarked on several reforms to increase performance among civil servants, there is still a general perception that public sector workers do not perform as efficiently as private sector workers. The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of HRM initiatives on workers motivation in public and private sector companies. Using the empirical evidence from three telecommunication companies in Tanzania, this study shows that the gaps between public and private have narrowed. Also, like private companies, the public company also provides all the incentive such as job security, salary, fringe benefits etc to motivate its workers. This article observed and concludes that the different in performance between public and private companies is not because of incentive structure; rather it may be explained by performance management process. The study also reminds that motivation factors may not by themselves achieve organisational performance. Rather, motivation should be embedded in a broader approach through effective performance management processes. Relevance to Development Studies: By looking at the performance of public sector companies, the information in this study is relevant to the public sector under the deregulation environment. The study brings up recommendations to improve the performance of public sector companies and therefore improve the developmental efforts of the government. Improving the public sector infrastructure contribute to the development of the country.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Human Resource Management, Motivation, Public sector, New Public, Management, Telecommunication, Tanzania
Thesis Advisor Schiphorst, Freek, Siegman, Karin A.
Persistent URL
Series Human Resources and Employment (HRE)
Mkisi, Newaho Eliah. (2008, January). Application of Human Resource Management initiatives for workers motivation and organisation performance in telecommunication sector in Tanzania. Human Resources and Employment (HRE). Retrieved from