The current trend toward higher educational attainments among women compared to men is observable not only in the developed countries of the north, but also in the less developed countries. While this might be considered a less than ideal situation compared to equality for example, it is indicative of progress made by women in the post-war era. Yet, even as women catch up with men in the classroom, there remains a differential between male and female managers. In the case of Jamaica, this is especially true at the senior managerial level.

Wils, F.
Employment and Labour Studies (ELS)
International Institute of Social Studies

Nelson, Caren. (1999, December). The Upper Rung: A Study of Women in Senior Management Positions and the Glass Ceiling in Jamaica. Employment and Labour Studies (ELS). Retrieved from